The physicist Werner Heisenberg did his degree in Munich in the minimum study period of three years and was appointed to Universität Leipzig in 1927 at the young age of 26.
From 1942 to 1945 he headed the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Physics in Berlin-Dahlem, and also taught as a professor at Berliner Universität. He played a leading role in the uranium project of the Army Ordnance Office, a fact that was criticized by some colleagues.
Heisenberg had been awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics as early as 1932 for the Uncertainty Principle, which is named after him. With this principle Heisenberg formulated a fundamental statement of quantum mechanics: that the position and momentum of a particle can never be measured simultaneously.