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Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

Otto Warburg

8 October 1883, Freiburg im Breisgau – 1 August 1970, Berlin

Otto Warburg was a biochemist, physician and physiologist. He received his doctorate under Emil Fischer at Berliner Universität and also completed medical school in Heidelberg with a doctorate. In 1918 he was appointed head of the Department of Physiology at the newly founded Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Biology in Berlin-Dahlem. In the period from 1921 to 1923 he was also an associate professor of physiology at the Medical Faculty of Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität. The Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Cell Physiology was opened in 1930 in the course of the differentiation of the scientific disciplines. Warburg became its director and remained in the position until 1967.

His scientific contributions focused, among other things, on the photosynthesis of plants and the metabolism of tumours. He decoded the mechanism of cell respiration, for which he received the 1931 Nobel Prize for Medicine.